New Study – Prenatal supplementation with marine omega-3 DHA results in epigenetic changes in the resulting infants
The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, EPIC, was designed to investigate the relationships between diet, nutritional status, lifestyle and environmental factors, and the incidence of cancer and other chronic diseases. Detailed information on diet and lifestyle was obtained by questionnaire, anthropometric measurements (e.g., weight, height, and fat distribution), and blood samples.
Increasing evidence demonstrates that risk factors for chronic diseases are established during childhood and adolescence, but the relationship between the development of diseases and adolescent development is poorly understood. Adolescence is a crucial period in life and involves multiple physiological and psychological changes that affect nutritional needs and habits.
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a program of studies designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States, and to track changes over time. Findings from the survey are used to determine the prevalence of major diseases and risk factors for diseases. Information is used to assess nutritional status and its association with health promotion and disease prevention.
In 2009, the French Research Centre for the Study and Monitoring of Living Standards (Centre de Recherche pour l’Étude et l’Observation des Conditions de Vie, CRÉDOC) conducted a survey assessing the nutrition habits of over 400 French consumers.
Between late 2005 and April 2007, the Dietary Survey Unit of the French Food Safety Agency (Afssa) conducted the second individual and national food consumption survey (INCA 2). This study followed the first INCA study, conducted in 1998–1999.