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Glossary

Gastrointestinal

Referring to or affecting the digestive tract, which includes the mouth, throat (pharynx), gullet (esophagus), stomach and bowel (intestines).

Gene expression

Process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product – often a protein. Gene expression starts with transcription; the production of RNA copies of the DNA section coding for the gene to be expressed. This RNA transcript may then be translated into a protein.

Gestational diabetes

A condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy.

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