Iron (Fe) is a key element in the metabolism of almost all living organisms. In humans, iron is an essential component of hundreds of proteins and enzymes (1, 2).

Iron is often the metal ion incorporated into the 'heme complex'; an essential component of proteins, which mediate redox reactions, and of oxygen carrier proteins such as hemoglobin.

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Things to know about Iron

  • Supply Situation

    Surveys for populations in eight European countries have shown average iron intakes of 15 mg/day in men, and about 12 mg/day in women (23). Read More

  • Deficiency

    Most of the symptoms of iron deficiency are a result of the associated anemia, and may include fatigue, rapid heart rate, and rapid breathing on exertion. Read More

  • Sources

    Foods high in iron (Fe) include dark leafy greens like spinach, dairy products, red meat, poultry, fish, and shellfish. Read More

  • Safety

    Accidental overdose due to consumption of iron-containing products is the leading cause of iron poisoning in children under 6. Read More